Federico Demaria is an economist working on ecological economics, political ecology and waste policy. He obtained a full scholarship and an IB certificate in the United World College of the Adriatic in 2003. Afterwards he was trained as an economist in the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Bologna (Italy). In 2006 he spent one year working with Professor Alain Caille at the University of Nanterre (Paris X) on anti-utilitarianism in social sciences. He then wrote a final essay titled ‘Happiness and Economics: the importance of social relations’ with Professor Mauro Bonaiuti. He has a Masters degree in Environmental Studies (Ecological Economics) from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. Currently he is a PhD student working on waste and environmental justice. He is a member of the ‘Ecological economics and Integrated Assesment Unit’ at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology. He has studied cost-shifting, in particular toxic waste dumping (Case study: shipbreaking in Alang – India). He is now working on wastepickers, both in the South and North. Current research focuses on the (unequal) distribution of benefits and burdens linked with social metabolism processes. Since 2006 he has been part of the degrowth movement and debate, first with the Italian Association for Degrowth and then as a co-founder of R&D Spain.